HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) - Gardasil®

Gardasil protects against the sub-types of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) which can cause cancer of the cervix and genital warts.

HPV viruses 16 and 18 cause 75% of all cancers of the cervix.

HPV is sexually transmitted, therefore it is best administered to young girls or women before they have been sexually active. It is licensed for girls and women aged 9-26 years old.

The vaccination schedule consists of three injections given over a 6 month period:

It is not known as yet whether a booster will be required.

The government has introduced a similar vaccine for the UK immunisation schedule. This is called Cervarix ®. It protects against sub-types 16 and 18. It therefore does not protect against the type of HPV which cause genital warts.